The Jefferson County Historic Landmarks Commission operates under the authority granted to landmarks commissions by the West Virginia legislature. Its primary mission is to preserve historic structures within the unincorporated areas of Jefferson County, West Virginia, and to educate persons about the county's heritage. As a branch of Jefferson County government, the Landmarks Commission focuses on heritage education, historic preservation, historic resource development, and research.
Jefferson County was established on October 26, 1801 by an act of the Virginia General Assembly. It was named after Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States. Located in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia, Jefferson is the easternmost county in the state, being bounded by the Potomac River and Maryland on the north, the Blue Ridge Mountains and Loudoun County, Virginia, on the east, Clarke County, Virginia, on the south, and Opecquon Creek and Berkeley County, West Virginia, on the West. The county occupies 212.41 square miles, being 24 miles from north to south and 12 miles from east to west.
NEWS: JEFFERSON COUNTY HISTORIC LANDMARK DESTROYED BY FIRE
Thursday November 15th the Billmyer-McQuilken Farm (Rock Spring) on Route 45 west of Shepherdstown burned. Rock Spring was recognized as a Jefferson County Landmark in 2008. The main house, built in 1831, was one of the county’s finest brick houses of the period. An ornate fanlight surround adorned the entry. The house had unusually developed millwork, including an excellent stair. The decorative porch, slate roof, and the rear ell were added in the late Victorian period.
The Swisser-type, bank barn on the farm was constructed about 1900. It is a well preserved example of the local timber framing techniques. In addition to the bank barn, the farm retains its historic corn crib and other agricultural buildings.
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